The Federal Period. Our new-born nation selects the eagle for its emblem which spreads its wings over furniture, together with classical motifs from abroad that echoed the splendors of Greece and Rome. Woods most used were: mahogany, cherry, maple, and fruit woods in less splendid furniture. Curly maple often replaced satinwood used in European models. After 1800 rosewood was used for more costly pieces. Our very pleasing chest is from the 1840's and made of mahogany.